Weight Loss Surgery Sleeve

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Introduction

The weight loss surgery sleeve is also known as the sleeve gastrectomy or the vertical sleeve gastrectomy which is the newer procedure of reducing body weight. In this procedure about 25% of the stomach is reduced to have a resultant small stomach which will hold less portions of food. The process involves the removal of the larger part or the curvature of your stomach, where by the process is irreversible. The main purpose of the procedure is to minimize the amount of food can eat in a single sitting, leading to few amount of food absorption and assimilation which in result will yield fewer calories.

History

Originally, sleeve gastrectomy was performed to modify another bariatric procedure. However, it would later come to be the first part or process of the two stage gastric bypass, another surgical procedure that was deemed too large. Today, the weight loss sleeve surgery or the sleeve gastrectomy is a popular and a common weight loss procedure in many parts of the World, mostly being much developed in areas of North America and also in Asia.

The Procedure

The weight loss surgery sleeve is also called the sleeve gastrectomy or the vertical sleeve gastrectomy, which is a newer weight loss procedure. The first process of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch starts with sleeve gastrectomy procedure. However, it is only this part that is needed in to lose the weight, which is the sleeve gastrectomy. It involves a longitudinal resection that starts from the antrum via the fundus. In the process the surgeon will make 2 to 5 small cuts in the abdomen, followed by the passing of the laparoscope and other instruments needed for the surgery.

The camera is then connected to the monitor to help the surgeon look inside the belly. The surgeon will insert the surgical instruments through the openings and remove most of your stomach and the remaining part joined together using surgical staples. This process does not involve cutting of the sphincter muscles that are responsible for letting food enter in the stomach. The whole procedure may take an hour to one and a half hours and the resultant feature is a long vertical tube stomach with a banana shape.

Diet

Since the weight loss surgery sleeve procedure involves the stomach, the diet is much different than the normal diet though it will be back to normal after the procedure is done and one is healed. In addition the dieting process involves some stages that will be directed by the surgeon. As a result patients are usually to be in the hospital at least two to three days before the day of the surgery. During this time the nurses will help the patient regulate the amount and plan the special foods or drinks that he or she should take. The schedules will help the patient drink on take a snack regularly, however, the patient should learn to monitor him or herself and understand whether he is hungry or not as over eating may cause further complications such as vomiting.

More information on diet

The  patient should consider buying the following before the procedure Beverages those are sugar-free, calorie-free, non-carbonated, and non-caffeinated such as water, high-protein, low-sugar shake, food scale measuring cups and spoons. The prescriptions of when and what to eat are normally given by the physician. On the first day, the patient may be given 2 ounces of calorie free, sugar free, non-caffeinated, non-carbonated drinks in with intervals of an hour or per the prescriptions. Here, drinks are given together or having been mixed with skim milk or water in order to have good nutrient proportions. There are also stages that follow, where solid food starts to be re-introduced to the system. However, these are just hints but there are more stages involved in the dieting that the physician will guide you on.

Risks

Weight loss surgery sleeve or the sleeve gastrectomy has several complications or risks that are involved with it after or during the operations.

• Surgical complications.

Some of the risks that can occur during the surgery include perforations of the stomach or the intestines which can cause abscess or peritonitis, severe wound infection or the opening of the wound, the spleen injury that can require removal or other organ injury, internal breeding and gastric bowel obstructions • Cardiovascular complications.

These may include irregular heartbeats (Arrhythmias), heart attack (Myocardial infarction) or congestive heart failure and cerebrovascular accident (stroke).

• Psychosocial.

Include Psychosis, bulimia or anorexia nervosa, dysfunctional social problems or postoperative depression.

• Pulmonary.

Respiratory insufficiency, fluid in the lungs (Pulmonary edema), Pneumonia, collapse of the lung tissue (atelectasis), fluid in the chest and blood clots in lungs or legs (embolism)

• Liver and kidney.

Acute kidney failure, kidney failure, hepatitis that may progress to cirrhosis. this may eventually lead to other serious complications in the body circulatory sytem.

• Other minor.

Weight loss sleeve may also have other minor complications such as; allergic reactions to medications, minor scarring or wound infection, vomiting, inflammation of the esophagus, constipation, problems with the outlet of the stomach and anemia.

Conclusion

The weight loss surgery sleeve is in nowadays safe having mortality rates of 0.13% in bariatric and metabolic surgeries and 0.52% in gall bladder removals. Though they tend to have risks this is a common case in all surgeries. The surgery is very beneficial to ones overall body weight change as it has many effects such as the reduction of the stomach. This leads to the person eating less portions of food that will directly lead to fewer calories and hence no unbalanced body fat. This procedure is mainly undertaken by professional surgeons to minimize the rates of complications. However, after going through the procedure and overcoming the resultant side effects of the surgical operation and also other side effects from the medication, the lifestyle changes especially on the diet side. In order to familiarize your body with the procedure, you might also have to consider cutting off some food staff before embarking on the surgery in order not to feel stronger effects after cutting off the huge portions.